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Investing in SDS Stock: The Pros and Cons of This Inverse S&P 500 ETF

Investing in SDS Stock: ProShares UltraShort S&P500 (SDS) is an inverse exchange-traded fund (ETF) that aims to provide 2x leveraged inverse exposure to the S&P 500 Index. This means it seeks to deliver double the opposite daily return of the S&P 500. If the S&P 500 goes down 1% in a day, SDS is designed to go up 2%.

What is SDS and How Does It Work?

SDS is an inverse leveraged ETF issued by ProShares. It uses financial derivatives and debt to magnify the inverse returns of the S&P 500 on a daily basis.

For example, if the S&P 500 falls 5% in a day, SDS aims to rise 10%. However, this leverage resets daily, so the amplified return only applies to 1-day periods.

Investing in SDS Stock

SDS is designed for short-term traders who want to profit from short-term declines in the stock market. It allows them to obtain inverse exposure without having to short stocks directly.

The Pros and Cons of Investing in SDS

Pros of Investing in SDS

Here are some potential benefits of investing in SDS:

  • Profit from market declines: SDS offers a simple way to potentially profit when the stock market drops. As an inverse ETF, it tends to go up when the S&P 500 goes down.
  • Leverage magnifies gains: The 2x leverage allows investors to amplify their gains from a market downturn. A 5% dip turns into a 10% gain.
  • Built-in stop loss: The daily reset mechanic acts as a stop loss by resetting exposure every day. This can limit losses during market rebounds.
  • Liquid trading: SDS has high daily trading volumes, making it easy to buy and sell. There is ample liquidity for most small and mid-sized trades.
  • No need to short stocks: SDS eliminates the complexities of shorting stocks directly. There are no borrow fees or margin requirements.

Cons of Investing in SDS

There are also some potential drawbacks to keep in mind with SDS:

  • Leverage magnifies losses: While leverage boosts gains, it also increases losses on days the market rises. This makes SDS riskier than non-leveraged inverse ETFs.
  • Daily compounding can erode returns: Due to daily rebalancing, returns over periods longer than 1 day can deviate significantly from the inverse of the S&P 500’s return.
  • Not suitable for buy-and-hold investors: The compounding effect makes SDS unsuitable as a long-term investment. It is best used for brief strategic plays rather than buy-and-hold investing.
  • Higher fees and expenses: Leveraged ETFs tend to have higher expense ratios because of their active daily trading in derivatives. At 0.9%, SDS’s fees are almost 9x an S&P 500 index fund.

How to Invest in SDS

If you decide SDS fits your trading strategy, here are a few tips on how to invest:

  • Use a brokerage account: SDS trades like a stock, so you need a brokerage account to buy and sell it. Look for brokers with low commissions and fees.
  • Limit size of position: Don’t overweight your portfolio in SDS due to its risks. Consider keeping SDS below 10% of your total portfolio value.
  • Use stop losses: Set stop loss orders at 15-20% below your purchase price to limit potential losses from unexpected market rebounds.
  • Monitor the market: Pay close attention to market trends and economic indicators. Exit your position if the declines you anticipated fail to materialize.
  • Go short term: Hold periods longer than a few days can significantly erode returns due to volatility decay. Use SDS for brief strategic plays rather than long-term bets.


SDS can be a powerful trading instrument in the right circumstances and for short holding periods. However, its leverage makes it a high-risk, short-term investment unsuitable for most buy-and-hold investors. Carefully weigh the pros and cons before investing in SDS or any leveraged ETF. Consult a financial advisor if unsure.

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